Drug, drugs, policy, Bottoming out, addicts, drug, evidence, non-chronically dependent, Chippers, opiate, Heroin, Stigma

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A survey of police chiefs found that 85 percent want major change in drug policy, and sixty percent said law enforcement did not reduce the problem(9 ).

The road to redemption

Legal Coercion may help steer some problem drug users toward treatment. Legal coercion, for other problem drug users, who have a more severe drug problem and or other problems may actually be steered away from drug treatment by coercion(10 ).

We must set our policies with accurate information. Two myths we have about drug abuse are:
A. A drug users will quit when they bottom out.
B. Auto-remission of addiction does not exist.

"Bottoming out"is often seen as the only way someone will quit drug use. Opiate addicts also cited these other reasons they quit opiate use.
1. Become converts to religious, spiritual, or ideological groups.
2. change their behavior when their environment changes.
3. Retire from drug use but maintain some element of the lifestyle.
4. Become alcoholics or mentally ill
5. Simply drift into the mainstream(11 ).

Investigators said after they review research on reformed drug addicts "Some of the evidence even suggests that untreated addicts may have as good or possibly even a better chance at breaking the bond of addiction than the treated heroin user"(12 ).

A study of non-chronically dependent opium users found. 1/3 had been in a state of drift and needed no regulation of use, over a quarter had experienced episodes of dependence, the rest governed the use to prevent loss of control(13 ).

"Chippers" develop and internalize social rituals around occasional use either individually or through their using group " to avoid addiction(14 ). Of opiate users who had controlled use (for at least a year) most only experience deviant behavior was their drug use. Controlled users set up rules for their drug use in order to prevent addiction(15 ).

Setting of Vietnam encouraged temporary addiction. 80% of Heroin users quit before they left Vietnam. This lead researchers to say "It is possible that this pattern of temporary addiction with recovery to abstention or casual use may also be common in civilian addicts who have not come to official attention."(16 ).

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Drug, drugs, policy, Bottoming out, addicts, drug, evidence, non-chronically dependent, Chippers, opiate, Heroin, Stigma