MDMA, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, "Ecstasy,"
Merck chemists discovered MDMA in 1912(2).It was created as an intermediate chemical in the process to synthesize a drug to stop bleeding (3). MDMA is a methamphetamine analogue and has hallucinogenic, psychostimulant, and multiple behavior-altering prosperities(4).
In 1953 the Army tested MDMA to see if it could be used as an agent in psychological warfare(5). This research yielded no significant results and its use for this purpose was abandoned(6).
A Californian chemist named Alexander Shulgin introduce a therapist friend to MDMA in 1977. MDMA quickly became popular with west coast psychotherapists because of its empathic effects(7).
The First report of research on the effects of MDMA on humans was released in 1978. It reported, "an easily controlled altered state of consciousness with emotional and sensual overtones."(8).
MDMA in the new Millennium showed promise in treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), it shoed success in treatment when other treatments have failed (9 ).