Harrison Narcotic Act of 1914, Enforcement, History, maintenance clinics, heroin, morphine, cocaine, blacks, whites, colored, Marijuana, Darkies

Harrison Narcotic Act of 1914, Enforcement, History, maintenance clinics, heroin, morphine, cocaine, blacks, whites, colored, Marijuana, Darkies

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Enforcement History

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Harrison Narcotic Act of 1914 allowed doctors establish "maintenance clinics" were addicts could receive legal prescriptions heroin, morphine, and cocaine. This could give us a look at drug use or at least drug abuse for that time period. Cites in the south had 65 percent higher rate of than urban centers of the North and West. A clinic in Jacksonville Florida ran by Dr. Charles Terry, his records show that out of 646 addicts 416 were white (249 women and 167 men) and 230 were black (131 women and 99 men). "Our population," Terry wrote, "is composed about equally of whites and colored so that it is seen that, with us at least, the whites are far more prone to drug addictions than the blacks." Records from the State of Tennessee show that of the 2,370 drug addicts who registered with clinics in 1913, women comprised over two-thirds of the addicts and over 90 percent were white(10).

This points out the absurdity of panic of drug crazed blacks.

A quote from a newspaper is how marijuana was portrayed in the 1920's "All the vicious tendencies in the makeup of humans are brought to the fore by indulgence in the dread marihuana weed that grows in Mexico. Victims of the habit will shut themselves up in a small, tightly closed room and place a quantity of the weed in a pot over a bed of coals. The fumes drive the occupants into frenzy" (11).

A New Orleans District Attorney, Public Safety Commission and as well as newspapers from 1910 through the 1930's, Proclaimed "Marijuana" insidious evil influence appears to show it's self in making "Darkies" think they were as good as white men"(12).

Captain Richmond P. Hobson, president of the International Narcotic Education Association, addressed the audience of NBC's radio network on March 1, 1928. During his address he said the fight against drugs is "in the midst of a life and death struggle with the deadliest foe that has ever menaced its future," and "the perpetuation of civilization, the destiny of the world, and the future of the human race were hanging upon the narcotics issue."(13).

Eugene Stanley, district attorney, parish of Orleans, New Orleans, La. said about Marijuana "Natives in the Malayan peninsula have been known, 'while under the influence, to engage In violent and bloody deeds with, complete disregard for their personal safety or the odds arrayed against them. To run "amok" there is synonymous with saying one is under the Influence of this drug."(14 ).

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Harrison Narcotic Act of 1914, Enforcement, History, maintenance clinics, heroin, morphine, cocaine, blacks, whites, colored, Marijuana, Darkies