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Hemp, Jamestown, cannabis, health, medicinesHistory of HempHemp, Jamestown, cannabis, health, medicines

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American founding father George Washington wrote in his farmer journal on August 7, 1765 "began to separate (sic) the male from the female hemp…rather too late.". Showing he was looking for stronger cannabis (31 ). Other founding fathers that grew hemp include Thomas and James Madison (32 ).

In 1839 the homeopathy journal Americans Provers Union published the first of many reports on the medicinal effect of cannabis. The U.S. dispensatory first listed the Therapeutic effects of Cannabis in 1854. By 1896, several new Cannabis derivatives were developed among them Cannabin, Cannadindon(33 ).

Between 1840 to 1900 at least 100 major articles were published recommending Cannabis as a therapeutic agent for various health problem and disorders (34).

Queen Victoria used Cannabis to relieve menstrual cramps, the year she died (1901)a Royal Commission report said cannabis was relatively harmless and certainly not worth banning (35 ). Queen Victoria personal physician Sir Russell Reynolds wrote in the Lancet in 1890 that "when pure and administered carefully, cannabis is one of the most useful medicines we possess." (36 ).

Cannabis was the number one analgesic for 60 years before the discovery of Aspirin in around 1900. From 1842 to 1900 cannabis made up half the medicines sold(37 ).

Newspaper man, William Randolph Hearst declared war on hemp (38). Hearst also popularized the word "marijuana" a foreign sounding name instead of hemp. This was to help in the banning of the plant (39 ).

Hearst may not have had the "public good" in mind with his war on Hemp. He had financial interests in the timber industry. He has timber stands and his paper manufacturing company Kimberly Clark. The threat came in the 1930s when hemp fiber-stripping machines and machines that conserved hemp's high-cellulose pulp were made available and affordable. Overall the timber for paper industry stood to lose billions(40 ).

Also chief munitions maker for the U. S. federal government, Lammot Du Pont developed synthetic fiber nylon and wood-pulp paper sulfide process. Both processes were threatened by hemp. Du Pont chief financial backer in these projects was Andrew Mellon of the Mellon Bank of Pittsburgh. Who in his role as Secretary of the Treasury, appointed Harry Anslinger to the head of Federal Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs. Anslinger would become his nephew-in-law (41 ).

Hemp, Jamestown, cannabis, health, medicines