A 2005 Cornell University study said it was not economical to produce ethanol or biodiesel from currently legally available crops. It was economical to use hemp as a biomass fuels. Lynn Osburn author of Energy Farming in America "When farmers can make a profit growing energy, it will not take long to get six percent of continental American land mass into cultivation of biomass fuel -- enough to replace our economy's dependence on fossil fuels," she also said "The threat of global greenhouse warming and adverse climactic change will diminish. To keep costs down, pyrolysis reactors need to be located close to the energy farms. This necessity will bring life back to our small towns by providing jobs locally." (15 ).
Oil from the hemp seed for producing paints, varnishes, soaps, cooking oil, lotions, cosmetics creams, and for fuel and heating(16 ).
Hemp stems are 80% hurds. Hurds are the byproduct that is left when your remove the fiber. These hurds are 77% cellulose that can be used for chemical feed stock for the production of chemicals, plastics and fibers(17 ).
The hemp plant is from 15 to 20 percent fiber, and four percent organic glue called lignin. 78 to 81 percent of hemp as mention before is woody pulp, this pulp is 77 to 85 percent cellulose. In contrast a tree is 20 percent lignin and only 60 percent cellulose, cellulose can be used for making paper(18 ).
Cotton cellulose was used to make the first plastics in the 1880's and named celluloid(19 ). The problem with Cotton is it demands huge amounts of water, pesticides, herbicides and Fertilizers when compared to hemp(20). A technical report of the America Society of Mechanical Engineers in 1937 noticed the rapidly growing market for Cellulose, "especially in the plastic field, which is growing by leaps and bounds." It was predicted that hemp would meet "A good part of that need" in Feb 1938 popular mechanics called hemp the billion dollar crop(21 ).