Amphetamine was invented at the University of Berlin in 1887. There was very little interest in it until it became the alternative to ephedrine(1). A Japanese pharmacologist in Germany A. Ogata synthesized amphetamine to create methamphetamine in 1919(2).
Amphetamines were released to the market in nasal inhaler form to combat congestion in 1932 it was called Benzedrine. In 1937 amphetamines became available to the market in pill form. These pills quickly gained the reputation as a "cure all" that was used treat a variety of illnesses(3).
Amphetamines were used to treat narcolepsy. It is believed that some Britain, Germany, and the U.S. troops during W.W.II used amphetamines to stay awake and alert especially during long periods of duty. Because of the use of amphetamines by Japanese soldiers "suffered a serious methamphetamine problem during early postwar years"(4).
Laws soon followed in an attempt to halt methamphetamine use. Soon methamphetamine was created illegally.
When access to methamphetamine was restricted clandestine chemists used phenyl-2-propanone (P2P). When this item was place on Schedule II controlled substance list by the D.E.A. These chemist simply found different chemicals to make methamphetamine(5).
University of New York pharmacologist John P. Morgan said "There is no doubt that control of precursors will lead to new or old variant syntheses," and he continued "If the curtailment of [pseudoephedrine] works, such success will be temporary. Another method of manufacture or other supply will be found."(6).
An example of this could be police are starting to report people recycling their urine to make meth. Anderson County (Tennessee ) Sheriff's said Lt. Kenny Sharp said about this new method "They basically urinate in the bottles to remake the meth later on," and other users " will bring the urine back to use the urine again and trade it out for more meth."(7 ).
Other ways to thwart Enforcement intervention efforts are by smurfers they go out and buy watched chemicals are return then to the chemist. Director Tennessee Bureau of Investigation Methamphetamine Task Force already being Tommy Farmer said "Some of the ingredients used in the past are taken out or replaced in this method," speaking on the one-pot method (8 ).