Treatment or prison???
A poll by Peter D. Hart and Associates in 2001 showed that, sixty five percent favored drug treatment and thirty two percent wanted hasher penalties for deal with America's drug problem. This has changed a 1994 poll showed forty eight percent wanted treatment and fifty two wanted stricter penalties (18 ).
In 1990 a drug treatment alternative to prison was launched in Brooklyn New York. Joseph Califano chairman of Columbia University's Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse said about the program "It makes a phenomenal difference," he added "We do not have to throw away the key for a large number of people we thought had no chance." A study showed that graduates of this program were sixty seven percent less likely to return to prison than people who went to prison. The graduates were three and a half time more likely to have a job after they left the program than before they went in. The program was offered to people who sold drugs but didn't commit a violent crime (19 ).
According to a Federal Bureau of Prisons study, inmates who received drug treatment are seventy one percent less likely to be rearrested (20 ).
A report by Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior discovered that taxpayers saved $2.50 for every dollar invested in drug treatment, (as required by prop 36) in the first thirty months of California successful ballot measure that sent drug offenders to treatment instead of prison (21 ).
Some research has shown between four and seven dollars are saved on drug related crimes for every dollar spent on drug treatment. Treatment instead of incarceration showed a saving of 12:1. (22 ).